Long Range Precision Rifle I Course – After Action Report from Coyote Armory

Coby Porter (Owner/Host - Coyote Armory)
Just finished our first Long Range Precision Rifle Class. It was an awesome weekend and we gained an amazing amount of knowledge. After 2 days, my shooting skills and confidence in my rifle have increased by a factor of 10. If you want to improve your long range shooting skills, prepare yourself for the upcoming hunting season, become completely confident in your rifle and make yourself a better shooter all around then you need to take this class.  If I only learned one thing at our LRPR class last week it was how critical it is to keep a data log. Storm Tactical makes the data book that I am now using and I highly recommend there products for anyone looking to get serious about shooting long range.

Erick Findley of 7 Foxtrot Firearms Training & Consulting Cadre has the skills and experience to take just about any shooter and help them get the most out of their rifle. By the second day of the class you will be consistently hitting kill zone size targets out to 1000 yards. You will learn exactly what your rifle is capable. 

Chipper Dipple (Student)
Great class! Not only did we obtain a wealth of knowledge, but were also given the tools to use on our other rifles and future shooting!

New laws for Texas Concealed Handgun License (CHL) program

Summary of new laws passed in the 84th Regular Legislative Session that impact Concealed Handgun Licensing.

Open Carry

House Bill 910 (Effective: January 1, 2016)

Caption: Relating to the authority of a person who is licensed to carry a handgun to openly carry a holstered handgun; creating criminal offense.

General Information:

Authorizes individuals to obtain a license to openly carry a handgun in the same places that allow the licensed carrying of a concealed handgun with some exceptions. (See "Exceptions" below for more information.)

  - Unconcealed handguns, loaded or unloaded, must be carried in a shoulder or belt holster.

  - Individuals who hold a valid CHL may continue to carry with valid existing license.

  - A separate license will not be required to open carry. No additional fee will be required.

  - Individuals currently licensed will not be required to attend additional training.  Training curriculum for new applicants will be updated to reflect the new training requirements related to the use of restraint holsters and methods to ensure the secure carrying of openly carried handguns.  The new curriculum will be required for all classes beginning January 1, 2016.

  - The eligibility criteria to obtain a license to carry do not change.

  - The department (Tx DPS - RSD) will be updating website, forms and training materials to reference License to Carry (LTC) instead of Concealed Handgun License (CHL).

  - Changes to the laminated license are being developed and will be implemented at a later date.


Private businesses may post signs to indicate entry on the property with a handgun by a license holder is forbidden.

  - Penal Code Section 30.06 provides the language to be included on signs to indicate license holders are forbidden to carry concealed.

  - Penal Code Section 30.07 provides the language to be included on signs to indicate license holders are forbidden to open carry.

  - Posting of both signs is an indication by the business that license holders are forbidden to carry concealed or openly.


Open carry is not permitted by a license holder regardless of whether the handgun is holstered:

  - on the premises of an institution of higher education or private or independent institution of higher education

  - on any public or private driveway, street, sidewalk or walkway, parking lot, parking garage or other parking area of an institution of higher education or private or independent institution of higher education

  - by an individual who is acting as a personal protection officer under Chapter 1702, Occupations Code and is not wearing a uniform

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 (Effective: August 1, 2016)

Caption: Relating to the carrying of handguns on the campuses of and certain other locations associated with institutions of higher education; providing a criminal penalty.

  - Authorizes a license holder to carry a concealed handgun on or about the license holder's person while the license holder is on the campus of an institution of higher education or private or independent institution of higher education in this state.  Open carrying of handguns is still prohibited at these locations.

  - Authorizes an institution of higher education or private or independent institution of higher education in this state to establish rules, regulation, or other provisions concerning the storage of handguns in dormitories or other residential facilities that are owned or leased and operated by the institution and located on the campus of the institution.

  - Requires the president or other chief executive officer of an institution of higher education in this state to establish reasonable rules, regulations, or other provisions regarding the carrying of concealed handguns by license holders on the campus or on specific premises located on the campus.

  - Authorizes posting of a sign under Penal Code Section 30.06 with respect to any portion of a premises on which license holders may not carry.

  - The effective date of this law for a public junior college is August 1, 2017.

Various Other Changes

House Bill 554 (Effective: September 1, 2015)

Caption: Relating to a defense to prosecution for the offense of possessing or carrying a weapon in or into the secured area of an airport.

  - Amends the Penal Code to add a defense to prosecution if the actor possessed a handgun that he or she is licensed to carry at the security checkpoint of an airport, and exited the screening checkpoint for the secured area immediately upon completion of the required screening process and notification of possession of the handgun.

  - Adds the actor cannot be arrested for the sole offense of possessing a handgun that he or she is licensed to carry, unless a police officer gives the actor the opportunity to leave the area and he or she does not immediately comply.

House Bill 1376 (Effective; September 1, 2015)

Caption: Relating to the application of certain concealed handgun license laws to community supervision and corrections department officers and juvenile probation officers; reducing a fee.

  - Allows supervision officers and juvenile probation officers to establish proof of proficiency by a sworn statement that indicates the person demonstrated proficiency with a firearm instructor licensed by the Texas Commission on Law Enforcement within the 12 month period preceding the application for the license to carry.

  - This provision applies to supervision officers appointed or employed under Section 76.004, Government Code, to supervise defendants placed on community supervision.

  - Reduces the fee for a license to carry to $25 for these individuals.

  - Individuals applying under this special condition will be required to provide proof they are a supervision officer or juvenile probation officer.

  - A new fee schedule will be posted on the department's website.

House Bill 2604 (Effective: September 1, 2015)

Caption: Relating to a concealed handgun license application that is submitted by a peace officer or a member of the state military forces.

  - Exempts applicants who are active peace officers from the requirement to submit fingerprints.

  - Repeals the provisions requiring a sworn statement from the head of the employing law enforcement agency regarding the applicant's conduct and proficiency.

  - Regulatory Services Division (RSD) is in the process of updating the online application checklist. Until the online application is updated, peace officers may disregard the notations requiring fingerprints and the sworn statement from the head of their employing law enforcement agency.

  - Updated application instructions for peace officers will be posted on the department's website upon the effective date of this law.

House Bill 2739 (Effective: September 1, 2015)

Caption: Relating to the use of a concealed handgun license as valid proof of personal identification.

  - Amends the Business and Commerce Code to require businesses to accept a concealed handgun license (CHL) as a valid form of personal identification for access to goods, services, or facilities.

  - Does not affect laws requiring a driver license to operate a motor vehicle.

  - Does not effect the existing requirement to present a driver license when renting a car.

  - Does not affect the type of identification required under federal law to access airport premises or to pass through airport security.

House Bill 3710 (Effective: September 1, 2015)

Caption: Relating to a voluntary contribution to the fund for veterans' assistance when applying for a concealed handgun license.

  - Requires DPS to offer CHL applicants an opportunity to contribute money to the fund for veterans' assistance when applying for an original or renewal CHL license.

  - The applicant will determine the amount of contribution.

  - RSD is in the process of updating the online application to accept contributions. More information will be posted on DPS website when the option to contribute is available.

House Bill 3747 (Effective: June 16, 2015)

Caption: Relating to the issuance of a concealed handgun license to certain retired judicial officers.

  - Authorizes retired federal judges to receive a discounted CHL in the same manner as a retired state judge.

  - The reduced fee is $25. A new fee schedule will be posted on the department's website.

Senate Bill 273 (Effective September 1, 2015)

Caption: Relating to certain offenses relating to carrying concealed handguns on property owned or leased by a governmental entity; providing a civil penalty.

  - Prohibits a state agency or political subdivision from posting signs stating where CHL holders are prohibited from carrying a concealed handgun on the premises, unless specifically prohibited by Texas Penal Code 46.03 and 46.035.

  - Provides a civil penalty to a state agency or political subdivision if falsely notifying a CHL holder that entering or remaining on certain governmental premises, leased or owned, is illegal.

  - Limits the scope of the governmental meeting prohibition by restricting it to the specific room or rooms in which the meeting is being held, and to public meetings for which notice is required under the Open Meetings Act.

  - Provides an opportunity for the agency or subdivision to cure the violation within three business days of receipt of written notice from a citizen.

  - Complaints of a violation are reported to the Attorney General Office.

  - Provides the Attorney General must give notice to the agency or subdivision and provide an opportunity to cure the violation before a civil penalty is imposed.

BLUF – MYTH!!!! “Any rifle scope, by any manufacturer will accomplish what I need.” 

You must be selective and do your research when choosing a scope for your precision rifle system.

When building a precision rifle system the selection of a scope is as critical, and sometimes as expensive as the rifle itself.  The options and quality has increased exponentially in the last 10-15 years. If you don’t take the proper time and research you may end up with a scope that doesn’t perform to your expectations.

Since Gunnery Sergeant Carlos Hathcock and Major Jim Land pushed for the establishment of a permanent Scout Sniper School after the Vietnam War there has been much advancement in the scopes used by precision rifle shooters.  The US Marine Corps adopted the fixed 10x Unertl USMC Sniper Scope with MilDot retical and BDC Elevation turrets in the 1980’s.  For the longest time it, along with the Leupold Ultra M3A 10×42mm fixed-power scope used by the US Army, the fixed power scope with MilDot reticle was the standard for precision rifle shooters.  With advancements in areas such as computerized machining capabilities and the use of laser etching on lenses that has all changed.

Experience has shown that precision rifle shooters in the military (Snipers) needed an optic that allowed them to engage faster and more accurately in multiple target rapid engagement situations.  This lead to the development of scopes that had a variable powered magnification and gridded or dropdown reticles. These options have revolutionized and expanded the precision shooters scope options.

There are many things to consider when determining what type of scope to buy but the intended use is the most important.  Scopes now are available for almost every shooting discipline from hunting, competitions, to military/law enforcement applications.  Over the next few posts I will be sharing thoughts on things such as magnification, elevation & windage turrets, parallax adjustment, and more.


The rifle optics industry has grown so has the available optics that can be installed on a rifle.  Just because they make it and it has some “cool” tactical name in front of it doesn’t mean it will serve the purpose you want the scope for.

Scopes are now made for personal defense, short range shooting, long range shooting, three gun & precision rifle competitions, and tactical applications in both MIL and LE.  Some are classified as short range scopes and others are long range scopes.  You will need to determine what you need and then you’ll begin to categorize the scopes for you.

Some options will overlap making it necessary to prioritize your needs.  Magnification, Field of View, and Eye Relieve are important aspects of a scope and in determine the use.  Scopes with low power (magnification) ranges or scopes with variable low power ranges, give the shooter a larger field of view and eye relief is at a premium.  What this means is that your eye doesn’t have to be in the perfect center of the ocular lens to be able to see through it. So it is easier to throw the gun up fast and be able to acquire the target.  Whether big bore dangerous game guns, AR-15’s or any rifle that is meant for use at short ranges.  The low power scopes really stand out for these guns, allowing max field of view and quick engagements with a little more precision.

While hunting with a scope that has high power ranges, the ability to see more really opens up possibilities.  Being able to see if that deer has a drop tine or not.  The ability to really measure the horns while trophy hunting.  The capability to scan terrain properly and not miss an animal bedded in the brush.  Any of these points can be a make or break factor in your hunt and having enough magnification on your scope can set you apart from the rest, when it comes to having a successful hunt.

When shooting competitions, where target acquisition is paramount, low power optics serve this purpose well. They offer speed with an advantage of having “some” power range to magnify the target for more precise aiming and or the ability to have positive identification (PID).  This is one point where 2nd focal plane scopes may have an advantage because the reticle in a second focal plane scope stays the same size in appearance no matter the power setting.  When the scope is dial back to a lower power, the shooter can still see the reticle, where when using a 1st focal plane scope the reticle shrinks and grows with power ranges. Thus while at a low power setting, the shooter may have more trouble being able to see the reticle. This is the only advantage of 2nd focal plane scopes.

When target shooting, you need to be able to maximize the capability of your rifle. You are able to get the most out of your rifle when you have a scope with high quality glass that will let you do it.  With low quality glass, you may have the best rifle available and never be able to see the quality due to poor scope selection.

Power range is one option that allows you to see more.  If you can see better you can shoot better. The ability to be able to see mirage allows you to be able to read the wind better.  Remember you can always turn the power down but you can never turn it up if you don’t have it to start with.

Variable power or fix, low power vs. high, small vs. large Field of View, and Eye Relief are options you will have to decide on.  Fixed power scopes are an option, but the variable power scopes will give you more options and allow the use of the scope to have more variety.  If you’re looking for an “all purpose” scope, look hard at variable power, 1st Focal Plane options.

Here is a list of the Best Long-Range Tactical Scopes used by the Precision Rifle Competition Pros: PrecisionRifleBlog.com

Firearm Stoppages – Definitions

Before you can begin learning how to handle a firearm stoppage you need to know the following definitions:

In-Battery: The condition of the semi-automatic or automatic weapon in which the breeching mechanism, bolt or slide, is all the way forward and in the proper position for firing.

Out-of-Battery: A term describing when the breeching mechanism, bolt or slide, is not sufficiently closed to safely support the cartridge or seal the action to be in the proper position for firing.  This term is applicable to when the breeching mechanism is only slightly out of position or when it is locked fully to the rear as on an empty magazine or somewhere in between the two.  Being out-of-battery by as little as 1/8 inch will cause a failure to fire. 

Malfunction: The stoppage of a firearm where it is rendered inoperable and not able to be remedied by normal malfunction clearance/immediate action procedures or cannot be cleared without the use of tools or without disassembly of the weapon.

Stoppage: Failure of the weapon to function as designed because of a mechanical defect or shooter induced condition.  A stoppage can be cleared by performing correct immediate action/remedial action procedures and does not require the use of tools or disassembly of the weapon.

Failure to Fire:  Also called a Misfire - this occurs when the trigger is pressed, the sear releases the hammer or striker, and the firing pin or striker hits the cartridge, but it does not fire.  There is an indentation on the round’s primer or rim, but there is no bang.  This can also occur when the operator fails to load a round in the chamber by not seating the magazine all the way in the magazine well.

“Hang Fire” occurs when you press the trigger and it takes several seconds for the round to fire. It does fire, but there is a delay between the time the firing pin hits the bullet’s primer and when the round goes off.  The primer goes off, but the main propellant in the cartridge doesn't burn right away and it burns slowly until it builds up enough pressure to push the bullet out of the crimp of the cartridge and out of the barrel. This may take a few seconds to accomplish. It is VERY IMPORTANT to keep the gun pointed in a safe direction for at least 30 seconds to see if the Hang Fire round goes off when in certain training situations.  Also, KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER, never turn the handgun in any unsafe direction, and ALWAYS keep it pointed down range.

Squib Load:  A squib load is an extremely dangerous malfunction that happens when a fired projectile does not carry enough force and becomes stuck in the gun barrel instead of exiting it.  In the case of semi-automatic or automatic weapons, this can cause successive rounds to be fired into the projectile obstructing the barrel, which can cause catastrophic failure to the structural integrity of the firearm, and pose a threat to the operator or bystanders.

Failure to Feed:  A Failure to Feed is when a cartridge does not load into the chamber.  The handgun fails to feed a cartridge into the firing chamber from the magazine for some reason.

Failure to Extract:  The cartridge fires, but the extractor does not pull the fired case from the chamber so it can be ejected.  The cartridge case remains in the chamber and another round cannot be fed into the chamber because of this.  A cartridge must extract before it can be ejected.


Double-Feed where two live rounds are trying to feed into the chamber at the same time.  An un-fired live round is still in the chamber and a second live round has been picked up from the magazine and forced against the unfired round also in the chamber.

Failure to Eject: The fired case is pulled from the chamber by the extractor, but not fully ejected through the ejection port, causing the slide to lock partially open on the empty case. Sometimes the case is trapped by the slide and held in an upright position with the empty open part of the case pointing up like a chimney of a stove. Thus, the nickname for this failure of Stovepipe.

In upcoming BLUF posts - Immediate Actions/Remedial Action procedures for a handgun or a rifle.

Learn, practice dry fire, train live fire, and master!

Gunny sends!

BLUF – Ammunition – Use only what your firearm is rated for!

Ammunition Information

Ammunition Standards

The Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute (SAAMI) is an association of the nation's leading manufacturers of firearms, ammunition and components. SAAMI was founded in 1926 at the request of the federal government and tasked with:

  • Creating and publishing industry standards for safety, interchangeability, reliability and quality
  • Coordinating technical data
  • Promoting safe and responsible firearms use

(Taken from from the SAAMI Website)

The standards they set are designed to enhance safety in firearms and ammunition by creating standards that all manufactures use.  This includes the amount of powder in a standard cartridge (depending on caliber) so that the pressures in the chamber when fired are consistent.

+P and +P+ Ammunition Types


A designation for ammunition that has been loaded to produce pressure levels that is higher than the SAAMI (The Sporting Arms & Ammunition Manufacturers Institute) loading limit for normal Maximum Product Average (MPA).  The “+P” designation, usually head stamped on the cartridge and printed on the ammunition box, means higher than the normal MPA.  This should only be fired in weapons designed by the manufacturer to take the higher pressures.

SAAMI specifications for standard chamber pressures compared to +P cartridges are as follows:

Cartridge Standard pressure +P pressure Notes
9 mm Luger 35,000 38,500 10% increase
.38 Special 17,000 18,500 9% increase
.45 ACP 21,000 23,000 9.5% increase
.38 Auto 26,500 36,500 38% increase to make .38 Super


A designation for ammunition that has been loaded to produce pressure levels that are higher than the SAAMI loading limits for +P ammunition, but for which there are in fact no SAAMI standards.  The “+P+” designation is generally head stamped on the cartridge and printed on the ammunition box. SAAMI has established no Maximum Product Average (MPA) loading limit for the +P+ designation therefore a manufacturer’s specific loading limit must be consulted in order to determine the MPA pressure level produced by that manufacturer’s +P+ ammunition. Due to having no upper limit on the MPA pressure of +P+ ammunition, it is not possible or prudent for an arms manufacturer to certify a firearm as capable of handling it based on that designation alone.  Most +P+ ammunition is not sold to the general public but to law enforcement agencies with the boxes usually marked “for law enforcement use only – not for resale.”


TX License To Carry – Handgun Rental

Rental Handgun for the TX License To Carry - Handgun Course

XD® 4″ Full Size Model 9mm

The XD® pistol from Springfield Armory® sets the standard for polymer pistols. The XD® has everything you want and need in a pistol – superior ergonomics, reliable performance, and features that make it easy and intuitive to use. The XD® 4” Full-Size is the original XD® offering from Springfield Armory®, and the most basic XD®. This is the XD® that started it all.

See more at: Springfield Armory Website

Please read the owners manual before you come to the course so you are familiar with all aspects of the handgun!

BLUF – Handgun Fundamentals (Stance)

Proper Handgun Firing Stance

BLUF:  When learning to shoot a handgun your basic handgun firing stance, or shooting foundation, is crucial anytime you fire a weapon.

When you first learn to shoot you have several shooting fundamentals you must develop and master.  Mastering the fundamentals of proper grip, shooting stance, aiming (sight alignment and sight picture), and trigger control (to name a few) will set the foundation of recall when it must be done instantaneously.  Great competitive and defensive technique shooters learn and train to have a solid basic handgun firing stance before moving on and learning to shoot from alternate shooting positions.  Whether you are dry fire training or "putting rounds down range" you have begin with a fundamental shooting stance.

In the video below from NRA All Access, Firearm Science's host Jessie Duff and 3 Gun National Champion Tommy Thacker explains the proper way to obtain the two most common shooting stances.

Learn, practice dry fire, train live fire, and master!

Gunny sends!

BLUF – Handgun Fundamentals (Grip)

Proper Handgun Grip

BLUF: Without proper grip on a firearm you will not have the ability to have substantial firearm control while achieving speed and accuracy.

In every class the fundamentals are stressed as the foundation of everything you do.  If you do not have solid muscle memory in the fundamentals of shooting, when in a crisis situation or when muscle memory takes over, you will not perform at your peak.  The grip of the pistol is one of those fundamentals that allows you to build your skills.  Accuracy, precision, and speed cannot be increased if this one fundamental is not perfected.  It is a perishable skill though.  You must train to obtain a proper grip at all times.

In this video from NRA All Access, Firearm Science's host Jessie Duff and 3 Gun National Champion Tommy Thacker explains that basic pistol grip fundamental that all other pistol shooting is built around.

Learn, practice dry fire, train live fire, and master!

Gunny sends!